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Fundamentals of Physics III ("Modern Physics")

PHY 2030 - An introduction to space-time physics and quantum physics with applications in astronomy, cosmology, solid-state physics, nuclear physics, and particle physics. Four credits. Prerequisite: PHY 2020. Offered Fall Semester.

Office Hours - M 0930-1100, W 1300-1430, Th 1400-1600 (363 Congdon Hall)

Useful Numbers to Memorize

  • Speed of light
  • Size of atom, nucleus (order of magnitude)
  • Diameter of Earth, Sun (order of magnitude)
  • Masses of protons, electrons, etc. (order of magnitude)
  • Common values that pop up in math (e.g., square root of 2 and 3, sine/cosine of 30,45,60 degrees)
  • Metric prefixes
  • Various unit conversions (both directions): km to miles, cm to inches, lbs in kg, etc.
  • Number of seconds in a year (~pi x 10^7)

SBG Assignment Rules

  • LReport - if you decide to write a full-blown report for a lab (to assess LReport), your lab report will be due TWO WEEKS after you conducted the experiment. I will take your highest assessment score into account at the end of the semester.
  • LApparatus - if you decide NOT to write a full-blown report for a lab (to assess LReport), you still must submit the results from your experiment; your results will be due ONE WEEK after the experiment. I will take the average assessment score into account at the end of the semester.
  • LJournal - you must submit your materials 1 WEEK after the LJournal assignment was given out. I will take only the highest individual assessment score into account at the end of the semester.
  • LFermi - I will assess you at random throughout the semester (in class). I will use the average assessment score for your course grade.
  • Other Standards - I will assess you approximately every 2-3 weeks (the 3 "exams" will be the major assessments). For each standard, I will take your most recent assessment score. (Note this means your assessment scores can go down even after you mastered them).

Course Schedule & Assignments

DAY DATE CHAPTER / ASSIGNMENTS / ASSESSMENTS / LABS
123 Aug Topic: R1
Homework Questions: B.1,B.2,B.3 (hint: make the water the Other Frame),B.5,M.3,M.5,M.8
Assignments (due next class): (i) read R1 & R2, (ii) review syllabus, (iii) work above homework problems
225 Aug Topic: R2
Questions: B.2,B.4,B.5,B.8,B.10,M.3,M.5,R.1
Lab: Speed of Light (LApparatus due 1 week from lab; LReport not allowed for this lab)
Assignments (due next class): (i) read R3; (ii) work above R2 problems; (iii) memorize most of the suggested numbers above (speed of light, size of atom, etc.); (iv) review solutions to R1 problems
330 Aug Topic: R3
Questions:B.1,B.2,B.5,B.6,B.8,M.2,M.5,M.10 (minimum: work 3 B, 2 M)
LJournal: Read Muon paper
Assignments (due next class): (i) read R4; (ii) work above R3 problems; (iii) memorize most of the suggested numbers above (speed of light, size of atom, etc.); (iv) prepare LApparatus submission from speed of light lab; (iv) review solutions to R2 problems;
31 Sep Topic: R4 (Proper time)
Questions: B.2,B.4,B.7,M.1,M.2,M.4,D.1,R.2
LJournal: Read Bailey or Hafele and Keating paper
Assignments (due next class): (i) read R5; (ii) work above R4 problems; (iii) review solutions to R3 problems
46 Sep Topic: R5 (Coordinate Transformations)
Questions: B.1,B.2,B.3,B.6,M.3,D.2
58 Sep Mini-Assessment (all active standards are fair game)
Topic: R6 (Lorentz Contraction)
Questions: B.1,B.3,B.5,B.6,B.8,M.3,M.4,D.1,R.1,R.3
613 Sep
Topic: R7 (cosmic speed limit)
Questions: B.1,B.4,B.9,B.10,M.7,R.1
715 Sep
Topic: R8 (four momentum)
Questions: B.1,B.2,B.6,B.9,M.2,M.5,M.9,R.3
820 Sep
Topic: R9 (conservation of four momentum)
Questions: B.1,B.2,B.3,B.4,B.5,B.7,M.1,M.3,M.4,M.11,R.1
922 Sep
Practice Problems
1027 Sep ASSESSMENT (Exam 1)
1129 Sep ASSESSMENT (Exam 1, part 2)
Topic: Q1 (wave models)
Questions: All "B" problems.
124 Oct
Topic: Q2 (standing waves and resonance)
Questions: B.2,B.3,B.4,B.5,B.6.B.7,M.4,M.6
136 Oct
Topic: Q3 (interference and diffraction)
Questions:B.1,B.3,B.6,B.14,M.3,M.8,M.12
LAB: fourier analysis of time-series data
single1_noiseless.txt | single1_noise.txt | single2_noiseless.txt | single2_noise.txt | double.txt | High_Point_Temp_4year.txt | Charlotte_Temp_7days.txt | aapl.txt | irs_google_trend.txt | OR download all together as TAR file: all_files.tar
1411 Oct
Topic: Q4 (Particle Nature of Light)
Questions: B.1,B.3,B.5,B.7,B.10,M.1,M.5
LAB: Single Slit Diffraction and Double Slit Interference (L.Report due Nov. 2)
1513 Oct
Topic: Q5 (Wave Nature of Particles)
Questions: B.1,B.3,B.6,B.9,B.10,M.1,M.2,M.5
1625 Oct
Topic: Q5 Discussion continued
LAB: Photoelectric Effect (L.Report due Nov. 8)
1627 Oct
Topic: Q6 (Spin)
Questions: B.1,B.2,B,4,B.6,M.1,M.2
LAB: Photoelectric Effect (L.Report due Nov. 8)
171 Nov Mini-Assessment covering standards WS, WI, WP, Qrules (only Stern Gerlach), and ALL relativity standards (you'll be required to assess on TWO relativity standards out of a choice of (nearly) all of them.
188 Nov Topic: Q6 & Q7 cont'd (Rules of Quantum)
1910 Nov Topic: Q7 cont'd and QA (complex numbers)
Questions: Q7: B.1,B.2,B.4,M.1,M.5; QA: B.1,B.5,B.8,B.9
2015 Nov Topic: Q9 (the wavefunction)
Questions: all Basic Skills problems
2117 Nov Topic: Q9 cont'd and Q10 (simple quantum models)
Questions: Q9: M.2, M.6, M.7
2222 Nov Topic: Q10 cont'd and unofficial discussion of Q11 (Spectra)
Questions: Q10: B.1, B.2, B.3, B.6, B.7, M.1, M.3, M.4
Q11: B.1-B.6
2329 Nov Mini assessment on MQ, Qrules, Qenergy
241 Dec Topic: Q12 (The Time-Independent Schroedinger Equation [TISE])
Questions: None (review the solution to the infinite square well)
256 Dec Topic: Q12 cont'd and beyond
Questions: TBD
--8 Dec FINAL ASSESSMENT on all standards @ 8:00am
--13 Dec PROJECT DEADLINE and presentations @ 8:00am

Course Documents

  • Syllabus - information about the course
  • Standards - standards by which you will be assessed in the course.
  • Evidences - ways in which students show they have mastered the course standards.

Resources

Useful Software