Fundamentals of Physics III ("Modern Physics")
PHY 2030 - An introduction to space-time physics and quantum physics with applications in astronomy, cosmology, solid-state physics, nuclear physics, and particle physics. Four credits. Prerequisite: PHY 2020. Offered Fall Semester.Office Hours - M 3-4pm; T 11-12pm; W 9:30-10:30; Th 11-12pm; F 3-4pm; or by appointment (363 Couch Hall)
Useful Numbers to Memorize
- Speed of light
- Size of atom, nucleus (order of magnitude)
- Diameter of Earth, Sun (order of magnitude)
- Masses of protons, electrons, etc. (order of magnitude)
- Common values that pop up in math (e.g., square root of 2 and 3, sine/cosine of 30,45,60 degrees)
- Metric prefixes
- Various unit conversions (both directions): km to miles, cm to inches, lbs in kg, etc.
- Number of seconds in a year (~pi x 10^7)
SBG Assignment Rules
- LReport - if you decide to write a full-blown report for a lab (to assess LReport), your lab report will be due TWO WEEKS after you conducted the experiment. I will take your highest assessment score into account at the end of the semester.
- LApparatus - if you decide NOT to write a full-blown report for a lab (to assess LReport), you still must submit the results from your experiment; your results will be due ONE WEEK after the experiment. I will take the average assessment score into account at the end of the semester.
- LJournal - you must submit your materials 1 WEEK after the LJournal assignment was given out. I will take only the highest individual assessment score into account at the end of the semester.
- LFermi - I will assess you at random throughout the semester (in class). I will use the average assessment score for your course grade.
- Other Standards - I will assess you approximately every 2-3 weeks (the 3 "exams" will be the major assessments). For each standard, I will take your most recent assessment score. (Note this means your assessment scores can go down even after you mastered them).
Course Schedule & Assignments
Q3: B.1,B.3,B.6,B.14,M.3,M.8,M.12DAY | DATE | CHAPTER / ASSIGNMENTS / ASSESSMENTS / LABS |
1 | 22 Aug |
Topic: R1
Homework Questions: B.1,B.2,B.3 (hint: make the water the Other Frame),B.5,M.3,M.5,M.8 Assignments (due next class): (i) read R1 & R2, (ii) review syllabus, (iii) work above homework problems |
2 | 24 Aug |
Topic: R2
Questions: B.2,B.4,B.5,B.8,B.10,M.3,M.5,R.1 Assignments (due next class): (i) read R3; (ii) work above R2 problems; (iii) memorize most of the suggested numbers above (speed of light, size of atom, etc.); (iv) review solutions to R1 problems |
3 | 29 Aug |
Topic: R3
Questions:B.1,B.2,B.5,B.6,B.8,M.2,M.5,M.10 (minimum: work 3 B, 2 M) Assignments (due next class): (i) read R4; (ii) work above R3 problems; (iii) memorize most of the suggested numbers above (speed of light, size of atom, etc.); (iv) review solutions to R2 problems; |
4 | 31 Aug |
Topic: R3 cont'd; R4 (Proper time)
Questions: B.2,B.4,B.7,M.1,M.2,M.4,D.1,R.2 (R4) |
5 | 5 Sep |
Topic: R3 & R4 Review
LJournal: Read Muon paper. LJournal submission (if you choose to do this one) will be due Sep 12. Assignments (due next class): (i) read R5; (ii) work above R4 problems; (iii) review solutions to R3 problems |
6 | 7 Sep |
Topic: R5 (Coordinate Transformations)
LJournal: Read Bailey or Hafele and Keating paper. LJournal submission (if you choose to do this one) will be due Sep 14. Questions: B.1,B.2,B.3,B.6,M.3,D.2 Assignments: (i) read R6; (ii) work above R5 problems (see me for help); (iii) review solutions to R1-R4 problems; (iv) prepare for mini assessment next week |
7 | 12 Sep |
Mini-Assessment (all active standards are fair game)
Topic: R6 (Lorentz Contraction) Questions: B.1,B.2,B.3,B.4 Assignments: (i) review R5 and R6; (ii) work above R6 problems; (iii) review solutions to R5 problems; (iv) write LJournal on Bailey/Hafele (if you so choose) |
8 | 14 Sep |
Topic: R5 + R6 cont'd (+hint of R7)
Questions: R6: B.6,B.8,M.4,D.1,R.2 R7: B.1,B.4,B.10,M.7 Assignments: (i) work above R6 & R7 problems; (ii) read R8 |
9 | 19 Sep |
Topic: R7 + R8 start (four momentum) Questions: R7B.9, Prove that Newtonian Momentum isn't conserved by reproducing Figure R8.1 example on pg 147-148 |
10 | 21 Sep |
Topic: R8 + R9 (conservation of four momentum) Questions: R8: B.1, B.7, M.5 R9: B.3,B.5,B.7,M.1 Assignments: (i) read R9; (ii) work above R8 and R9 problems |
11 | 26 Sep |
Topic: R9 cont'd (conservation of four momentum) Questions: B.1,B.2,B.3,B.4,B.5,B.7,M.1,M.3,M.4,M.11,R.1 Assignments: (i) work R9 problems for practice; (ii) come with questions on Thursday |
12 | 28 Sep |
Practice Problems, discuss first assessment |
13 | 3 Oct | ASSESSMENT (Exam 1) |
14 | 5 Oct |
Topic: Q1, Q2 (wave models, standing waves) Questions: Q1: B.1,B.2,B.5,B.7; Q2: B.2,B.3,B.4,B.5,B.6,M.4 LAB: fourier analysis of time-series data single1_noiseless.txt | single1_noise.txt | single2_noiseless.txt | single2_noise.txt | double.txt | High_Point_Temp_4year.txt | Charlotte_Temp_7days.txt | aapl.txt | irs_google_trend.txt | OR download all together as TAR file: all_files.tar Assignments: (i) work above Q1 and Q2 problems; (ii) read Q3; (iii) skim through Q1 and Q2; (iv) finish Fourier analysis sheet |
15 | 10 Oct |
Topic: Q3 (wave nature of light / double slit) |
16 | 12 Oct |
Topic: Q4 (particle nature of light / photoelectric effect) |
17 | 24 Oct | Lab: Double Slit / Photoelectric Effect |
18 | 26 Oct |
Shop training
Lab: Double Slit / Photoelectric Effect |
18 | 31 Oct |
Lab: Double Slit / Photoelectric Effect
Assignments: (i) finish the two labs if you didn't; (ii) read Q5; (iii) work the following problems: Q3: B.1,B.3,B.6,B.14,M.3,M.12 Q4: B.1,B.3,B.5,B.7,M.1 |
19 | 2 Nov |
Topic: Q5 (Wave Nature of Particles)
Questions: B.1,B.3,B.6,B.9,B.10,M.1,M.2,M.5 |
20 | 7 Nov |
Topic: Q6 (Spin)
Questions: B.2,B,4,B.6,M.1,M.2 |
21 | 9 Nov |
Mini-Assessment covering standards WS, WI, WP, Qrules (only Stern Gerlach), and ALL relativity standards (you'll be required to assess on TWO relativity standards out of a choice of (nearly) all of them.
Topic: Q7 (Rules of Quantum) Questions: Q7: B.1,B.2,B.4,M.1,M.5; |
22 | 14 Nov |
Topic: QA (complex number) + some quantum weirdness
Questions: QA: B.2,B.5,B.8,B.9 |
23 | 16 Nov |
Topic: Q9 (the wavefunction)
Questions: all Basic Skills problems |
24 | 21 Nov |
Topic: Q9 cont'd and Q10 (simple quantum models)
Questions: Q10: B.1, B.2, B.3, B.6, B.7, re-work through the derivation of the allowed energy levels of hydrogen (pg 157); re-work through the derivation of the energy levels of a quanton in a box (pg 154) |
25 | 28 Nov | Topic: Q12 (The Time-Independent Schroedinger Equation [TISE]) |
26 | 30 Nov | Topic: Q12 Cont'd Mini assessment on MQ, Qrules, Qenergy |
27 | 5 Dec |
Topic: Wrap-Up
Questions: None (review the solution to the infinite square well) |
-- | 11 Dec | FINAL ASSESSMENT on all standards, 12-3pm |
-- | 13 Dec | PROJECT DEADLINE |
Course Documents
- Syllabus - information about the course
- Standards - standards by which you will be assessed in the course.
- Evidences - ways in which students show they have mastered the course standards.
Resources
- ProbViewer - online application that allows you to view solutions to the Six Ideas problems.
Passwords: "hpu-phy2030-" + one of the following:
"r1","r2",... OR "q1", "q2" ... - Graphing paper - hyperbolic graphing paper
- Lab-report-template - lab report template (zip file contaning .tex template + other files)
- Maclaurin/Taylor Series - a short PDF to remind you about the Maclaurin and Taylor Series (binomial approximation)
- A short intro to general relativity
Useful Software
- Tracker Software - tracker software for video analysis; free download.
- PHET - online, interactive physics simulations
- Period04 - software for analyzing time-series data using Fourier transforms
- Photoelectric Effect Simulator - PHET simulation of photoelectric effect
- Single/Double Slit Interference Simiulation - Six Ideas single/double slit intereference simulation for MAC OS
- Single/Double Slit Interference Simiulation - Six Ideas single/double slit intereference simulation for Windows