Fundamentals of Physics III ("Modern Physics")
PHY 2030 - An introduction to space-time physics and quantum physics with applications in astronomy, cosmology, solid-state physics, nuclear physics, and particle physics. Four credits. Prerequisite: PHY 2020. Offered Fall Semester.Office Hours - M 0930-1100, W 1300-1430, Th 1400-1600 (363 Congdon Hall)
Useful Numbers to Memorize
- Speed of light
- Size of atom, nucleus (order of magnitude)
- Diameter of Earth, Sun (order of magnitude)
- Masses of protons, electrons, etc. (order of magnitude)
- Common values that pop up in math (e.g., square root of 2 and 3, sine/cosine of 30,45,60 degrees)
- Metric prefixes
- Various unit conversions (both directions): km to miles, cm to inches, lbs in kg, etc.
- Number of seconds in a year (~pi x 10^7)
SBG Assignment Rules
- LReport - if you decide to write a full-blown report for a lab (to assess LReport), your lab report will be due TWO WEEKS after you conducted the experiment. I will take your highest assessment score into account at the end of the semester.
- LApparatus - if you decide NOT to write a full-blown report for a lab (to assess LReport), you still must submit the results from your experiment; your results will be due ONE WEEK after the experiment. I will take the average assessment score into account at the end of the semester.
- LJournal - you must submit your materials 1 WEEK after the LJournal assignment was given out. I will take only the highest individual assessment score into account at the end of the semester.
- LFermi - I will assess you at random throughout the semester (in class). I will use the average assessment score for your course grade.
- Other Standards - I will assess you approximately every 2-3 weeks (the 3 "exams" will be the major assessments). For each standard, I will take your most recent assessment score. (Note this means your assessment scores can go down even after you mastered them).
Course Schedule & Assignments
DAY | DATE | CHAPTER / ASSIGNMENTS / ASSESSMENTS / LABS |
1 | 23 Aug |
Topic: R1
Homework Questions: B.1,B.2,B.3 (hint: make the water the Other Frame),B.5,M.3,M.5,M.8 Assignments (due next class): (i) read R1 & R2, (ii) review syllabus, (iii) work above homework problems |
2 | 25 Aug |
Topic: R2
Questions: B.2,B.4,B.5,B.8,B.10,M.3,M.5,R.1 Lab: Speed of Light (LApparatus due 1 week from lab; LReport not allowed for this lab) Assignments (due next class): (i) read R3; (ii) work above R2 problems; (iii) memorize most of the suggested numbers above (speed of light, size of atom, etc.); (iv) review solutions to R1 problems |
3 | 30 Aug |
Topic: R3
Questions:B.1,B.2,B.5,B.6,B.8,M.2,M.5,M.10 (minimum: work 3 B, 2 M) LJournal: Read Muon paper Assignments (due next class): (i) read R4; (ii) work above R3 problems; (iii) memorize most of the suggested numbers above (speed of light, size of atom, etc.); (iv) prepare LApparatus submission from speed of light lab; (iv) review solutions to R2 problems; |
3 | 1 Sep |
Topic: R4 (Proper time)
Questions: B.2,B.4,B.7,M.1,M.2,M.4,D.1,R.2 LJournal: Read Bailey or Hafele and Keating paper Assignments (due next class): (i) read R5; (ii) work above R4 problems; (iii) review solutions to R3 problems |
4 | 6 Sep |
Topic: R5 (Coordinate Transformations)
Questions: B.1,B.2,B.3,B.6,M.3,D.2 |
5 | 8 Sep |
Mini-Assessment (all active standards are fair game)
Topic: R6 (Lorentz Contraction) Questions: B.1,B.3,B.5,B.6,B.8,M.3,M.4,D.1,R.1,R.3 |
6 | 13 Sep |
Topic: R7 (cosmic speed limit) Questions: B.1,B.4,B.9,B.10,M.7,R.1 |
7 | 15 Sep |
Topic: R8 (four momentum) Questions: B.1,B.2,B.6,B.9,M.2,M.5,M.9,R.3 |
8 | 20 Sep |
Topic: R9 (conservation of four momentum) Questions: B.1,B.2,B.3,B.4,B.5,B.7,M.1,M.3,M.4,M.11,R.1 |
9 | 22 Sep |
Practice Problems |
10 | 27 Sep | ASSESSMENT (Exam 1) |
11 | 29 Sep |
ASSESSMENT (Exam 1, part 2)
Topic: Q1 (wave models) Questions: All "B" problems. |
12 | 4 Oct |
Topic: Q2 (standing waves and resonance) Questions: B.2,B.3,B.4,B.5,B.6.B.7,M.4,M.6 |
13 | 6 Oct |
Topic: Q3 (interference and diffraction) Questions:B.1,B.3,B.6,B.14,M.3,M.8,M.12 LAB: fourier analysis of time-series data single1_noiseless.txt | single1_noise.txt | single2_noiseless.txt | single2_noise.txt | double.txt | High_Point_Temp_4year.txt | Charlotte_Temp_7days.txt | aapl.txt | irs_google_trend.txt | OR download all together as TAR file: all_files.tar |
14 | 11 Oct |
Topic: Q4 (Particle Nature of Light) Questions: B.1,B.3,B.5,B.7,B.10,M.1,M.5 LAB: Single Slit Diffraction and Double Slit Interference (L.Report due Nov. 2) |
15 | 13 Oct |
Topic: Q5 (Wave Nature of Particles) Questions: B.1,B.3,B.6,B.9,B.10,M.1,M.2,M.5 |
16 | 25 Oct |
Topic: Q5 Discussion continued LAB: Photoelectric Effect (L.Report due Nov. 8) |
16 | 27 Oct |
Topic: Q6 (Spin) Questions: B.1,B.2,B,4,B.6,M.1,M.2 LAB: Photoelectric Effect (L.Report due Nov. 8) |
17 | 1 Nov | Mini-Assessment covering standards WS, WI, WP, Qrules (only Stern Gerlach), and ALL relativity standards (you'll be required to assess on TWO relativity standards out of a choice of (nearly) all of them. |
18 | 8 Nov | Topic: Q6 & Q7 cont'd (Rules of Quantum) |
19 | 10 Nov |
Topic: Q7 cont'd and QA (complex numbers)
Questions: Q7: B.1,B.2,B.4,M.1,M.5; QA: B.1,B.5,B.8,B.9 |
20 | 15 Nov |
Topic: Q9 (the wavefunction)
Questions: all Basic Skills problems |
21 | 17 Nov |
Topic: Q9 cont'd and Q10 (simple quantum models)
Questions: Q9: M.2, M.6, M.7 |
22 | 22 Nov |
Topic: Q10 cont'd and unofficial discussion of Q11 (Spectra)
Questions: Q10: B.1, B.2, B.3, B.6, B.7, M.1, M.3, M.4 Q11: B.1-B.6 |
23 | 29 Nov | Mini assessment on MQ, Qrules, Qenergy |
24 | 1 Dec |
Topic: Q12 (The Time-Independent Schroedinger Equation [TISE])
Questions: None (review the solution to the infinite square well) |
25 | 6 Dec |
Topic: Q12 cont'd and beyond
Questions: TBD |
-- | 8 Dec | FINAL ASSESSMENT on all standards @ 8:00am |
-- | 13 Dec | PROJECT DEADLINE and presentations @ 8:00am |
Course Documents
- Syllabus - information about the course
- Standards - standards by which you will be assessed in the course.
- Evidences - ways in which students show they have mastered the course standards.
Resources
- ProbViewer - online application that allows you to view solutions to the Six Ideas problems.
Passwords: "hpu-phy2030-" + one of the following:
"r1","r2",... OR "q1", "q2" ... - Graphing paper - hyperbolic graphing paper
- Lab-report-template - lab report template (zip file contaning .tex template + other files)
- Maclaurin/Taylor Series - a short PDF to remind you about the Maclaurin and Taylor Series (binomial approximation)
- A short intro to general relativity
Useful Software
- Tracker Software - tracker software for video analysis; free download.
- PHET - online, interactive physics simulations
- Period04 - software for analyzing time-series data using Fourier transforms
- Photoelectric Effect Simulator - PHET simulation of photoelectric effect
- Single/Double Slit Interference Simiulation - Six Ideas single/double slit intereference simulation for MAC OS
- Single/Double Slit Interference Simiulation - Six Ideas single/double slit intereference simulation for Windows